The Prey Model, a recommended Raw Food Diet for Canine Degenerative Myelopathy is designed to mimic the proportions which can be found in a meat eating animal in the wild. Basically, the prey model is composed of approximately 80% meat, 10% bone, 10% animal organs.
The Prey Model raw food diet is about feeding whole foods instead of chopped or ground foods and is great for dogs diagnosed with Degenerative Myelopathy. Chewing through whole cuts of meat, both boneless and bone-in, tendons and cartilage helps keep the teeth and gums healthy and the act of gnawing and ripping meat and the crunching of bone will also provide mental stimulation for your dog.
A raw food diet may drastically improve your dog’s health in a relativity short time-frame. This raw diet consists of red meat organs which much preferred over poultry and fish because red meat contains more vitamins and minerals.
- The standard feeding percentages for an adult dog are as follow:
• 1.5% of body weight per day for slight weight loss
• 2.0% – 3.0% of body weight per day for maintenance
• 3.5% of body weight per day for slight weight gain
Feeding A Raw Food Diet
In general, proponents of the prey model diet generally believe that dogs are carnivores and will tend to feed more meat to their dogs in the right proportions with the inclusion of a small amount of vegetables and plant matter. It’s important to note, that feeding a raw food diet for Canine Degenerative Myelopathy, supplementation is still recommended.
On the other hand, this diet provides optimum levels of nutrition for dogs not diagnosed with Degenerative Myelopathy so supplementation is typically not needed. Just in-case, most proponents will diversify what they feed their dogs by making sure that they feed a variety of animals.
Since the omega-3 fatty acid is a bit hard to come by from natural sources, a lot of prey model feeders will opt for supplementation by adding fish oil to compensate in case the right food sources are not available.
When initially starting the raw diet, it is best that you start with 2% of the adult body weight, feeding too much food including kibble will actually cause diarrhea and you have to keep in mind that increasing the amount of food that you give to your dog is easier if and when your dog needs it as opposed to lessening the food intake when your dog gets too fat.
Raw and Cooked Bones
Bones are another issue that needs to be addressed, many raw feeders are afraid that feeding them to dogs can cause lacerations in their digestive track. This is true and so, cooked bones must be avoided because they are less digestible and can easily splinter and cause perforations anywhere in a dogs digestive system.
However, edible bones are highly recommended when it comes to your dog’s diet, they provide the bulk needed to form a proper stool and are a source of calcium, phosphorous and other nutrients. They are covered with lots of meat and are soft enough to be eaten without causing damage to the teeth.
Edible bones are found in animals like: poultry, rabbits, goats, lambs, calves and rodents. What makes bones edible depends solely on your dog; you will have to observe closely with how your dog reacts to them. Raw edible bones are fairly flexible and will normally not splinter, there is still however, a possibility that a raw bone can cause problems such as perforations, blockages, choking, tooth fractures, etc. but most of the time, if this occurs it’s due to improper feeding such as when a bone is cut, it’s too small or is bare.
Wreck bones are bones that are too hard and dense for your dog to eat. These bones are also called recreational bones, rec bones, dog bones and soup bones. They are notorious for chipping and breaking teeth, causing perforations and blockages, to make matters worse, any tooth damage done by these bones may not be noticeable at first. Even though they have the potential to cause so much damage, many pet food companies market them as being the perfect tooth cleaning chew for dogs. Many grocery stores and butchers market these bones, stripped of most or all of their meat, as being perfect for dogs as well. You can feed a raw wreck bone only if it is covered with plenty of meat and only if your dog will not try to eat the bone or will only gnaw or nibble gently on the bone.
In prey – model diet, organ meats are an essential part, dogs must be fed with secretory organs such as the brain, spleen, liver, kidney, pancreas, thymus, etc. Non-secretory organs however, such as the heart, lung, gizzard, uterus, stomach, intestines, tripe, etc. are fed as non-organ meat.
Vegetables, Fruits and Grains
By nature your dog is an opportunistic carnivores, which means that they thrived by eating other animals but also survived by eating fruits, vegetables, grains, grasses, carrion and even rotting garbage. Dogs however, lack the grinding molars of omnivores and herbivores and their jaws are shaped to prevent the lateral movement needed to grind fruits, vegetables and grains.
There has been debate over whether wolves and other wild dogs would eat the plant material found in the stomachs of their prey, though it does happen when they eat small animals because of their size and because they are usually eaten whole instead of being ripped apart. When eating large prey however, the digestive contents are usually ripped open and spilled over. Wild dogs will eat berries and some vegetation but the amounts are minuscule and so must the proportions of your dog’s raw food diet.